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Terrorism Will Dilute Domestic Political Stability In Kashmir

By Younus Farooq

30 March, 2013

The logical basis of partition based on the idea that Muslims and
Hindus belong to two distinct nations separated by religion became
Central to Pakistan’s territorial and communal identity. By the claims
Of two nation’s theory, Kashmir prima facie belonged to Pakistan
Conceived as a Muslim majority state and crucial for buttressing
National identity of Pakistan as a homeland for the Muslims of the
Sub-continent. However it is no longer a secret that ethnic differences
In Pakistan have radically changed Pakistan identity with the issue of
Kashmir to a greater degree.

The diminished support in Sind and Baluchistan as compared to much greater
Support in Punjab for Kashmir has cast doubts about the importance of
Kashmir to Pakistan, interestingly, it is the army of the
Pakistan dominated by ethnic Punjabis that has controlled often
Kashmir policy. The Islamisation project initiated by General
Zia-ul-haq in effect sowed the seeds of sectarian violence now
dominant in modern Pakistan.

General Zia-ul-Haq looked at Indian occupied Kashmir under the
Hindu rule as a religious issue and effectively draw support of the
Hizbul-Mujahidin in Jammu and Kashmir-the militant wing of e
Jamaat-islami (JI).

The use of Islamic forces in Afghanistan to confront soviet occupation
had crushing implications for islamisation project as well as
Islamabad’s interest in Kashmir.
Pakistan continues to use Islamic extremist forces in kashmir. The rise
Of United Jihad Council as a religious and organized force - an
Umbrella organization of numerous alliances-keeps the Kashmir policy
On by the dint of diverse religious extremist forces.

The mushrooming growth of social welfare programmes in Pakistan
Operating under the control of religious extremist forces greatly
Contributed to the politicization of Islam around the romantic ideas
Of jihad or a religion destitute of non-Islamic culture.

The perceived failure of ''operation Gibralter'' set up to liberate
Muslims of Kashmir from Hindu occupation turned to be an ill-found
Calculation .The majority of people in Kashmir sided with India.
The Growing rise of Kashmiriyat-a secular Kashmir identity- pulled back
Majority in Kashmir to stick to nationalistic lines rather going with
fellow Islamic forces. However, the will of the people cannot be
ascertained by this surprising drama.

In 1971, Pakistan attempted to breach along the LOC in response of
India’s blow for disintegrating pakistan.The loss of East Pakistan
dealt a blow to the national identity of Pakistan as a Muslim homeland
On the subcontinent and with it came the need to recast its policy
Visa-a-Vis Kashmir.

It is debatable that military support of Pakistan will not advance
Kashmir cause especially in the changed international relations and
export of cross border terrorism will dilute domestic stability in
Kashmir.The mainstream Pakistan political parties favors a
dialogue-oriented resolution of Kashmir one what is perceived to be
appropriate but missing.

The terrorist attack at a CRPF camp on the outskirts of Srinagar on
13th of February that claimed lives of 2 militants, 5 soliders, and
Injured dozens of civilians will not help but rather deteriorate what is
Perceived as an illusory peace into a protracted political crisis.

On the other hand, India must recognize Pakistan as a legitimate party
To Kashmir conflict for ensuring a sustainable peace, regional security
And stability. Given the nuclear status of both India and Pakistan,
Kashmir conflict would be resolved once and for all. The legitimate
Interests of Kashmir should be taken into consideration before
reaching any solution.

Author is a Kashmir based journalist




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