World Leaders Release Climate Justice Declaration
24 September, 2013
Former presidents, academics and scientists have issued a declaration for action on climate justice. The declaration comes at a time as Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is set to issue governments with tough climate change warning.
Sophie Yeo of Responding to Climate Change reports :
The leading thinkers on climate have launched a declaration on September 23, intending to spur action towards the creation of an ambitious international agreement in 2015.
The Declaration outlines five priorities for securing a just and sustainable future, which includes: empowering those most affected by climate change, reducing emissions, establishing a new investment model, enforcing accountability, and building strong legal frameworks.
Representatives from politics, science, business, civil society and academia have come together under the auspices of the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice (MRFCJ) to write the Declaration.
Signatories to the declaration include the former prime minister of Mozambique Luisa Dias Diogo and former president of Chile Ricardo Lagos. Mary Robinson, former president of Ireland, and Andrew Steer, president of the WRI, have also put their names to the document.
All are members of a High Level Advisory Committee, assembled by the MRFCJ and the WRI, to stimulate an influential dialogue on the issue of climate justice.
“The time for radical leadership on climate change is now. With 2015 set as the deadline for both a new climate agreement and the post-2015 development agenda, we are at the point in human development when we need to act to protect,” said Mary Robinson.
“The rights of the most vulnerable in society are already undermined by climate change and this injustice must be addressed now. Equally for the sake of generations to come, it is our duty, as citizens of the world, to realize a new model of sustainable growth and development that is supported by strong legal frameworks.”
The report comes at a busy time in the climate change calendar, with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change due to publish their potentially game-changing report at the end of this week. The UN General Assembly is also currently taking place in New York, where Ban Ki-moon is to call leaders to come together for a high level climate change summit in 2014.
In six weeks’ time, the UN climate change body will meet in Poland to attempt to make headway on setting up a framework in which a legally binding global agreement can be met in Paris in 2015.
IPCC’s tough message
The world must prepare for a strong message on climate change as leaders meet in Stockholm to finalize report.
In another report Ed King said :
Governments will assess the UN’s latest climate science report this week amid fears the world is running out of time to address the issue.
The latest study from the IPCC is likely to suggest the release of half a trillion tonnes of carbon from fossil fuels in the coming decades will warm the planet to dangerous levels.
On September 23, envoys from 195 states kick off a four-day summit run by the IPCC in Stockholm, to examine the findings of the UN body’s latest report, named AR5.
“It is extremely likely that human activities have caused more than half of the observed increase in global average surface temperature since the 1950s,” a June draft of the report says.
It is also likely to suggest sea levels could rise as high as 3ft by 2100, predict the Arctic could face ice-free summers and warn that oceans are acidifying.
In the past century the planet has warmed by 0.8C, while this year the concentration of carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere hit the 400 parts per million for the first time in human history.
Delegates will have to collectively approve the 30-page Summary for Policymakers before the study is published on Friday, ending several years of work by 840 authors, and thousands more reviewers.
A vital time
Writing in the Guardian, former World Bank Chief Economist Lord Stern, who analysed the costs of a warming world for the UK government in 2006, says AR5 will demonstrate how collective dithering has left nations facing a tough challenge.
“It will also underline the fact that delay is making things much worse, both because the ratchet effect of emissions is causing a rapid accumulation of greenhouse gases and because we are locking in our dependence on the fossil fuels that cause the problem,” he says.
“Current action is much too weak to reduce emissions by enough to avoid a significant probability of the global average temperature rising by more than 2C above its pre-industrial level by the end of this century.”
The IPCC has published four reports since its inception in 1988. The first in 1990 involved 97 authors – this time 840 have chipped in.
The 2013 vintage is likely to be the strongest of the collection, with scientists maintaining they are now 95-100% certain that humans have caused the majority of climate change since the 1950s.
Envoys will be expected to work through the politically crucial summary line by line, a laborious process that draws to the surface tensions over what addressing climate change will mean for different countries.
In 2007, the USA, China and Saudi Arabia were blamed for making the most objections.
This time round, the debate over how much carbon dioxide the world can afford to spew into the atmosphere is likely to prove controversial, as are theories over why a long term trend of warming has slowed over the past 15 years.
Former IPCC chief Bob Watson told RTCC it is vital this issue is tackled head on, otherwise climate doubters would claim a cover up.
“The deniers are saying we’ve obviously got the theory wrong, because greenhouse gases are still increasing – which they are, at a rapid rate – so why isn’t the temperature responding?”, he said.
“Therefore, the IPCC must address difficult issues like this, absolutely.”
Drafts of the report suggest the warming slowdown could be attributed to variability in the overall climate system, cooling effects from volcanic eruptions, and a decline in solar activity.
Leaked documents seen by the AP news agency reveals the USA has called for scientists to add a “leading hypothesis” that the decline is linked to the absorption of heat in the oceans.
Germany has called for the slowdown reference to be deleted, arguing that 10-15 years is too short a span to be concerned about, given climate impacts are usually analysed over longer periods.
Belgium has concerns over graphs using 1998 as a start date, given it was a particularly warm year, meaning any trajectory starting from there would look flat.
The political importance of AR5 is hard to overstate. In just over two years’ time, governments are scheduled to meet in Paris to agree a global emissions reduction deal.
A strong message from climate science is seen by many observers as critical if those negotiations, which are sluggish at best, will achieve an agreement ambitious enough to avert dangerous levels of warming.
Former UN climate chief Michael Zammit Cuatajar told RTCC he believes how world leaders respond to the report will be an “important determinant of ambition”.
The IPCC’s current chief Rajendra Pachauri told a recent conference call it would provide enough information to ensure “rational people” will see that action is needed.
UN climate talks this November in Warsaw will be looked at closely for an early sign of that commitment.
They are expected to deliver a framework for an emissions treaty, and assurances from rich nations on their future climate finance contributions.
Five minutes to midnight
IPCC chief Pachauri said: Climate fight is now “five minutes to midnight”.
Humanity has ‘ignored and disregarded’ debts to nature says climate science chief in withering attack on governments
Speaking in Delhi a few weeks ago, he said: “We have five minutes before midnight,” arguing that governments had historically avoided taking responsibility for global warming.
“We may utilize the gifts of nature just as we choose, but in our books the debits are always equal to the credits.
“May I submit that humanity has completely ignored, disregarded and been totally indifferent to the debits? Today we have the knowledge to be able to map out the debits and to understand what we have done to the condition of this planet.”
He added: “We cannot isolate ourselves from anything that happens in any part of this planet. It will affect all of us in some way or the other.”
Pachauri is head of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
 September 23, 2013, “World leaders release climate justice declaration in New York”,
 RTCC, September 23, 2013, “IPCC set to issue governments with tough climate change warning”,
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