Climate Policy Bigger Threat
To World Than Terrorism'
By Steve Connor
09 January 2004
Tony Blair's chief scientist has launched
a withering attack on President George Bush for failing to tackle climate
change, which he says is more serious than terrorism.
Sir David King,
the Government's chief scientific adviser, says in an article today
in the journal Science that America, the world's greatest polluter,
must take the threat of global warming more seriously.
"In my view,
climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing today,
more serious even than the threat of terrorism," Sir David says.
The Bush administration
was wrong to pull out of the Kyoto protocol, the international effort
to limit the emission of greenhouse gases, and wrong to imply the protocol
could adversely affect the US economy, Sir David says. "As the
world's only remaining superpower, the United States is accustomed to
leading internationally co-ordinated action. But the US government is
failing to take up the challenge of global warming.
"The Bush administration's
strategy relies largely on market-based incentives and voluntary action
... But the market cannot decide that mitigation is necessary, nor can
it establish the basic international framework in which all actors can
take their place."
Results of a major
study showed yesterday that more than a million species will become
extinct as a result of global warming over the next 50 years. Sir David
says the Bush administration is wrong to dispute the reality of global
warming. The 10 hottest years on record started in 1991 and, worldwide,
average temperatures had risen by 0.6C in the past century.
Sea levels were
rising, ice caps were melting and flooding had become more frequent.
The Thames barrier was used about once a year in the 1980s to protect
London but now it was used more than six times a year.
"If we could
stabilise the atmosphere's carbon dioxide concentration at some realistically
achievable and relatively low level, there is still a good chance of
mitigating the worst effects of climate change."
But countries such
as Britain could not solve the problem of global warming in isolation,
particularly when the US was by far the biggest producer of greenhouse
gases on the planet. "The United Kingdom is responsible for only
2 per cent of the world's emissions, the United States for more than
20 per cent (although it contains only 4 per cent of the world's population),"
Sir David says.
States is already in the forefront of the science and technology of
global change, and the next step is surely to tackle emissions control
too. We can overcome this challenge only by facing it together, shoulder
to shoulder. We in the rest of the world are now looking to the US to
play its leading part."
Advisers to President
Bush have suggested climate change is a natural phenomenon and criticised
climate researchers for suggesting that rises in global temperatures
are the result of man-made emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon
But Sir David says
the "causal link" between man-made emissions and global warming
is well-established and scientists cannot explain the general warming
trend over the past century without invoking human-induced effects.
The Cambridge academic,
who was born in South Africa and emigrated to Britain, implies that
the US has a moral obligation to follow the UK's lead in trying to limit
the damage resulting from rising world temperatures and climate change.
"As a consequence
of continued warming, millions more people around the world may in future
be exposed to the risk of hunger, drought, flooding, and debilitating
diseases such as malaria," Sir David says.
in developing countries are likely to be most vulnerable. For instance,
by 2080, if we assume continuing growth rates in consumption of fossil
fuels, the numbers of additional people exposed to frequent flooding
in the river delta areas of the world would be counted in hundreds of
millions assuming no adaptation measures were implemented."
President Bush has
said more research on global warming is needed before the US will consider
the sort of action needed to comply with the Kyoto protocol, but Sir
David says that by then it could be too late. "Delaying action
for decades, or even just years, is not a serious option. I am firmly
convinced that if we do not begin now, more substantial, more disruptive,
and more expensive change will be needed later on."
Britain is committed
to cutting its emissions of greenhouse gases by 60 per cent from 1990
levels by around 2050 and believes other developed countries, such as
the US, should follow suit. Bush officials say that would damage their
economy and provide an unfair advantage to the country's international
competitors. But Sir David says that it is a "myth" that reducing
greenhouse gas emissions makes us poorer. "Taking action to tackle
climate change can create economic opportunities and higher living standards,"
A spokeswoman for
the US State Department said that she was unable to comment directly
on Sir David's article.