Masters Of Colonialism
By Junaid Khan
22 September, 2005
idea on which the foreign policy of the West is based is the spread
of capitalism and to make this view point dominate the whole world.
Colonialism is a tool for spreading capitalism to the world and forcing
it on others and a master of this tool is Britain.
The most important
principle of the foreign policy of Britain is that there are only national
interests and no friends and enemies. After the Capitalist revolution
Britain has been controlled by rich capitalist families who have formulated
her foreign policy ever since. A 1950 foreign office document entitled
"British overseas obligations a regional survey" reveal Britain
post war colonial interests and priorities. It mentions the different
colonies in context of their wealth and resources. About Africa it says
that "Africa is an important source of raw material in peace and
war whereas South East Asia a substantial economic asset. Colony of
Malaya alone has a surplus of $145 million ". The report goes on
to mention Middle East as a very important region noting that the oil
produced is very essential for the economic interest of Britain. A denial
of this region to Britain would result in loss of 150 million pounds
Often colonial exploitation
has been disguised in the guise of development. A 1945 memorandum by
the foreign office clearly mentions that: "We have to devise techniques
for bringing influence to bear upon other countries' internal decisions".
A very interesting example of the kind of exploitation that was carried
out reveals that between the years 1946-1951 the total colonial development
and welfare expenditure throughout the empire was 40 million pounds
or 8 million pounds per annum. On the other hand colonial sterling balances
gained from the empire and held in London was 150 million pounds. In
1951 West African marketing board had 93 million pounds on deposit in
London. Colonies were given or lent 40 million pounds and 250 million
pounds were taken from them. This was disinvestment on the grand scale
and the extent of British imperial exploitation for its own interest
at the expense of the 3 rd world populations.
Another foreign policy strategy was the deception of independence shrewdly
designed by Britain to protect her economic and political interests
in the changing world circumstances. This kind of fake independence
helped in changing the formal into informal empire and extended the
life of colonial control.
Yet another brutal
face of Britain was unmasked in Malaya and Kenya. Malaya (Malaya is
now split into two countries; Malaysia and Singapore) which was very
rich in rubber and tin and was a source of cheap raw material was crushed
b/w 1948 and 1960 when Britain waged a military campaign against insurgents.
Dictatorial police measures, collective punishments of villages and
forced labor were some of the methods used to crush the resistance.
Along with that more than half million pounds of bombs were dropped
in an attempt to crush opposition to British rule.
became a British colony in 1920 which ultimately resulted in extreme
poverty and exploitation of Africans and deprivation of their lands
by the hands of Britishers. The exploitation occurred to the extent
that the Kenyan natives would work on lands and only get one-fifth the
compensation the white settlers got (on the average) for the same amount
of work. Thirty-two years of barbaric colonialism resulted in a violent
nationalistic uprising called the Mau Mau uprising (1952-56). During
the three years of civil war, over 30,000 men, women, and children were
imprisoned in concentration camps where forced labor was practiced and
hangings were common. This resulted in many losing their homes and their
land as a result. Although only 100 Europeans were killed, the war took
lives of over 13,000 Africans.
Even today the policy of colonialism continues. The active support of
the war in Iraq is based on a deep strategic and economic interest which
finds its roots some 85 years back. After World War I Britain and France
fell like wolves on the carcass of Ottoman Caliphate. To secure oil
for its Navy, Britain created Iraq and placed puppet rulers on Iraq
in the form of King Faisal and Faisal II. Uprisings against the tyrannical
regime were crushed through bombings and gassings.
Again Britain finds itself fighting for its interest this time with
America. Browne a chief executive of British Petroleum and Labour member
of House of Lords warned Washington not to carve up Iraq for its own
oil companies by saying "We have let it be known that the thing
we would like to make sure, if Iraq changes regime, is that there should
be a level playing field for the selection of oil companies to go in
there if they are needed to do the work there".
As always, accompanying the exploitation is the inhumane treatment of
people and ruthless attacks against insurgency. This includes keeping
prisoners naked, sexual degradation, sleep depravation, hooding and
starvation. Similarly the attack on Afghanistan was driven by the vast
resources in Central Asia where a similar treatment was meted out to
the prisoners and civilians.
In contrast to the
materialistic centric approach of Capitalism, Islam seeks to remove
the injustices of the man made legislation. The Islamic Caliphate when
it existed never exploited or colonialized people. The Caliphate never
launched a war with the objective to usurp the resources of a land or
to secure job for its citizens, to gain contracts for its companies
or to line the pockets of the ruling class. The Caliphate never looked
at people as conqueror and conquered or winners and losers but as citizens.
This is how a state established in Medina expanded to Persia, North
Africa, Central Asia, South Asia and South East Asia. Even today the
people of these lands being part of one Ummah, long for the return of
the Khilafah. The movements working for the re-establishment of the
Khilafah find mass support in these regions. It seems as if the days
of colonialism are numbered and a global Islamic state on the lines
of the Caliphate is imminent.
Junaid Aslam Khan
House # 443, Street NO 41, G-9/1
I am an engineer
by profession and currently working in the technical field