Iraq, Six Months
10 October 2003
The total of Allied
soldiers killed since Saddam Hussein was deposed on 9 April is 230.
The death toll includes 207 American servicemen and 20 Britons. During
September, civilian deaths by gunfire in Baghdad totalled 518. Under
Saddam, deaths from gun violence in Baghdad averaged 6 per month. According
to the central morgue in Baghdad, violent deaths reached 872 in August.
The highest monthly toll in the previous year was 237 deaths, with just
21 from gunfire.
Oil & Fuel
Only 300 petrol
outlets for Iraq's 25 million people. Officially cheap and available
but most rely on the black market. Refineries producing only 1.25m barrels
of crude a day, compared with 2.4m barrels a month before the war. Estimated
cost of restoring oil production to the pre-1991 level of 3.5m barrels
per day is $6.6bn. Iraq is exporting 70,000 barrels per day compared
with 1.8m per day before the war.
Three out of five
Iraqis depend on food aid. Before the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and
the imposition of UN sanctions, Iraq was one of the best fed countries
in the Middle East. Then, it imported two thirds of its needs.
Safe drinking water
is now available to 60% of the population, compared with 85% before
the war. The amount proposed by the Coalition Provisional Authority
to spend on a new water system is $2.8bn to give 90% of the population
a supply of safe drinking water.
Iraq has 15,000
schools and 1.5m secondary school pupils. The United States says 7,000
schools needed repair before the war. So far, 175 have been repaired.
The number of newspapers
and magazines being published since Saddam's fall is 189. This compares
with 39 under Saddam, all of which were tightly controlled and censored.
The total cost of
rebuilding Iraq is estimated at $100bn, with the US to pay $20.3bn.
This is far higher than planned by Washington and $80bn must be raised
from donors such as Japan, the EU and Arab states. It includes $2.1bn
for policing, $2.1bn for armed forces, $919m for justice, $4.6bn for
water and sanitation, $850m for health care, $470m for housing and $835m
for transport and telecoms.
to pre-war levels by the US power company Bechtel at £80m cost.
Three-quarters of Iraqis to have access by 2005. Baghdad's power is
off for 30 minutes a day. Total for electricity development is £2.35bn.
Iraq is being ruled
by US pro-consul Paul Bremer as head of the Coalition Provisional Authority.
There are now 70 political parties, compared with the one-party state
under Saddam. The US-appointed, 25-strong Iraq Governing Council is
sidelined. Despite calls for a rapid handover, the US says it will take
six months to draw up the constitution leading to elections and an Iraqi
government next year.
has nearly doubled since the war. An independent survey last month showed
103 child deaths per 1,000 live births compared with 57 deaths per 1,000
Most Iraqis approve
of the removal of Saddam. Last month, Gallup polled residents in Baghdad
and found that 62% thought the suffering they have endured was worth
it to live in a post-Saddam era. 67% thought that their lives will be
better five years from now.