By Gideon Polya
11 March, 2005
A fundamental obligation of an Occupier
country is to provide resources necessary for the basic physical survival
of the citizens of the invaded and Occupied country.
Mass mortality in an Occupied country in the absence of provision of
requisite medical services by the Occupiers is a war crime that can
be categorized as "passive genocide".
What is the Occupier medical expenditure versus the avoidable death
situation for the subject people of Occupied Iraq?
In short, the 2004 per capita medical expenditure in Occupied Iraq has
been about 100 times LESS than that in the Occupier country Australia
and this is reflected in an avoidable under-5 infant mortality that
is about 100 times GREATER in Iraq.
The Anglo-American Coalition is clearly guilty of horrendous, continuing
passive genocide in Occupied Iraq. The basis for this finding is briefly
set out below together with requisite references to reputable sources
of the underlying information.
Data published recently in the British Medical Journal indicate that
in 2004 the per capita medical expenditure in Occupied Iraq was only
In stark contrast, the 2004 per capita medical expenditure in the Occupier
country Australia can be estimated to have been US$3,100 from data published
by AIHW, Australia's national agency for health and welfare statistics
The latest UNICEF report (March, 2005) estimates that for the year 2003
the under-5 infant mortality was 110,000 in Occupied Iraq, 292,000 in
Occupied Afghanistan and 1,000 in the invading and occupying country
Australia (noting that these countries have populations of about 25,
24 and 20 million, respectively) .
It can be estimated that the post-invasion under-5 infant mortality
in Occupied Iraq has been about 0.2 million. However the total post-invasion
avoidable mortality in Occupied Iraq can be estimated from UN  and
medical literature  data to be 0.4 million as outlined below.
According to the top medical journal The Lancet: "the crude mortality
rate during the period of war and occupation was 12.3 per 1000 people
per year" . In comparison, a conservative estimate of what it
SHOULD BE is 4.0 per thousand per year based on current death rates
in Iraq's impoverished but peaceful neighbours Jordan and Syria .
The "excess" or "avoidable" post-invasion mortality
rate is accordingly 12.3 - 4.0 = 8.3 per 1000 people per year. Assuming
an Iraqi population of 25 million, the excess mortality (avoidable mortality)
after 2 years of UK-US occupation has been 8.3 x 25,000 x 2 = 415,000
= 0.4 million.
It has been estimated, from data published by the UN , UNICEF 
and in the top UK medical journal The Lancet , that the under-5 infant
mortality and excess mortality (avoidable mortality) have been 1.2 million
and 1.5 million, respectively, for Iraq since 1991; 0.2 million and
0.4 million, respectively, for Iraq since the 2003 invasion; and 0.9
million and 1.2 million, respectively, for Afghanistan since the 2001
Iraq Body Count  and Iraq Body Count Visual Aid  record VIOLENT
post-invasion civilian deaths in Iraq (currently totalling about 16,000-19,000
as of March 2005). However whether an AVOIDABLE adult or child death
in Occupied Iraq is VIOLENT or NON-VIOLENT (such as through deprivation
or untreated and avoidable disease), the end result is the same and
the CULPABILITY the same . Of course, mainstream Anglo-American media
will effectively report neither the violent nor the non-violent civilian
death totals for Occupied Iraq.
Finally, in assessing Occupier Coalition RESPONSIBILITY for this carnage
in Occupied Iraq it is useful to turn to an internationally pre-eminent
bio-ethicist. Princeton's Professor of Bio-ethics, Peter Singer, has
been acclaimed as the most influential living philosopher and has caused
considerable controversy by his arguments concerning "passive"
versus "active" euthanasia of severely disabled infants.
Professor Peter Singer's views on the deliberate witholding of medical
care from infants are crucially relevant to deliberate, racist Coalition
neglect and consequent horrendous, avoidable mass infant mortality in
Occupied Iraq: "Doctors who deliberately leave a baby to die when
they have the awareness, the ability, and the opportunity to save the
baby's life, are just as morally responsible for the death as they would
be if they had brought it about by a deliberate positive action"
Peter Singer further states:"We are responsible not only for what
we do but also for what we could have prevented...We should consider
the consequences of what we do and what we decide not to do" .
We are obliged to inform everyone about the mass infanticide, mass murder
and passive genocide by US-UK "democratic imperialism" that
is continuing unabated in Occupied Iraq.
. Fiona Fleck, British Medical Journal vol. 328, p1280, 2004.
. Australian Institute of Health & Welfare (AIHW), 2004
 UNICEF report (March, 2005) (http://www.unicef.org/).
 UN Population Division Projections(http://esa.un.org/unpp/index.asp?panel=2).
. Les Roberts et al., The Lancet (Online, 29 October 2004; print
version vol. 364(9448) pp1857-1864, 2004).
 For detailed articles on global, Iraqi and Afghan avoidable mortality
and under-5 infant mortality see Gideon Polya website at: http://members.optusnet.com.au/~gpolya/links.html.
. Iraq Body Count (http://www.iraqbodycount.net/).
. Iraq Body Count Visual Aid (http://www.mykeru.com/bodycount.html).
. Gideon Polya, Australasian Science, June 2004, p43. ( http://www.control.com.au/bi2004/255conScience.pdf
. Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (1985) "Should the Baby Live?"
. Peter Singer (2000) "Writings on an Ethical Life".
Dr Gideon Polya published some 130 works in a 4 decade scientific
career, most recently a huge pharmacological reference text "Biochemical
Targets of Plant Bioactive Compounds" (Taylor & Francis, New
York & London, 2003), and is currently writing a book on global
mortality (numerous articles on this matter can be found by a simple
Google search for "Gideon Polya" and on his website: http://members.optusnet.com.au/~gpolya/links.html)
Dr Gideon Polya
29 Dwyer Street, Macleod, Melbourne, Victoria, 3085, Australia
Day & night telephone: +61 3 9459 3649