The Systemic Disease
That Destroys Civilization."
By Ken Reiner
11 May, 2003
I view the
continuing growth of corporate power and its despotic control of governments
throughout the world, including our own, as a socio-economic disease.
While Mussolini and others named it "Fascism," I call it "Corporism"
because that name better reveals its underlying institutional structure.
I would define Corporism as the domination of government and society
by the emergence and power of the giant publicly-traded multinational
corporations and financial institutions, organized in totalitarian hierarchies,
which singly and in combinations buy or destroy their competitors, corrupt
the politics of nations, and seize, hoard, and wield for themselves
most of the wealth of the human race.
We must recognize that we
do have this cancerous disease, what it is doing to us and the world
we live in, how it came about historically, and how and why it continues
to be generated and sustained now in our society. Just as computer viruses
find their ways into the software of our computers and destroy their
operation, Corporism, promulgating itself by financial, legal, and technological
means, has infected society in ways that lead to the hoarding of human
resources, increasing insecurity and misery for the bulk of the world's
population, perhaps even to worldwide holocaust. We must conquer this
disease if we are to survive.
Long before the birth of
the American Republic, the British crown adapted the corporation that
was the form of ancient universities into a device to dominate British
colonies throughout the world, including those on this continent. Through
their "crown corporations" the Kings of England and their
designated agents governed, taxed, and controlled the production and
trade and skimmed off the profits of their colonial lands and subjects,
enforcing their reign by military means. When our forebears revolted,
defeated the British, and formed the United States, we also wiped out
the King's corporations. They ceased to exist here. That was part of
what independence meant to our founding fathers.
By the time of our civil
war, however, the "robber barons," those famous, greedy, wealthy,
ruthless American industrialists, had again found ways to establish
device of British kings to their own aggrandizement. In court case after
court case for almost a century and a half, corporation lawyers have
refined and perfected the legal immunities and powers of these artificial,
state-created, wealth-hoarding, irresponsible entities. Beginning in
1886, they prevailed upon the U.S. Supreme Court to grant them virtually
all of the constitutional rights of citizens. This in effect allowed
them to resume the role of their royal predecessors in ruling the country.
In cahoots with their banks, huge corporations now control America's
body politic by reason of their bald-faced purchases of the three branches
of the American government and America's major media.
In consequence, by the beginning
of the 21st Century the United States had ceased to function as a republic,
much less as a democracy. These giant corporations, headed in most instances
by members of an extremely wealthy elite group of multimillionaires
and even billionaires, subvert healthy enterprise and true entrepreneurship.
One percent of those at the top of the economic scale now have as much
wealth as the bottom 95%, and the ratio keeps worsening. We humans,
reduced to being "the non-corporate citizens" of the United
States, retain only those rights and benefits that Corporate America
allows us. Corporations in essence now elect and control our government,
write virtually all its laws, and have control of the police, the courts,
and the military.
This same Corporate America,
ensconced now as "the only superpower," through its foreign
subsidiaries and the state-corporate world-governing instruments, the
World Bank, the World Trade Organization, and the International Monetary
Fund, effectively controls the entire world. We Americans have come
full circle in these past 225 years. We overthrew the British King's
corporate rulers in 1776, but now we suffer the domination of American
corporate rulers who are also colonizing the rest of the world on behalf
Is this the land of the
free our forbears fought with their lives to establish? Do we have any
chance of peacefully co-existing with the growing number of nations
our multinational corporations are exploiting and impoverishing throughout
the world? Half the world's people are being thrown into greater and
greater poverty, starvation, and despair as they lose their means of
livelihood, their health, their cultures, and their hopes for self-government
and self-sufficiency. They, like us, can find no ways to improve their
access to and control over their governments.
But they know where the
power center is, in New York and Washington. On September 11th, 2001,
just a few men, probably no more than 19 of them, organized into four
bands, and armed only with box-cutters, hijacked four commercial airliners
from three separate airports hundreds of miles apart and, in a painstakingly
planned suicidal operation, flew two of the planes into America's famous
trade-center towers which came crashing down, another into one of the
five wings of the Pentagon, and another into the earth in Pennsylvania,
the target still not known or revealed. These startling, horrific acts,
unopposed by our defense forces for still unexplained reasons, causing
almost 3,000 deaths, took place in broad daylight. The repercussions
that immediately ensued were new in human history. Televised images
of these cataclysmic events and the chaos in the streets of New York
were viewed by hundreds of millions of people around the world, assuring
This was followed by the
shutdown of national air travel and the stock market, President Bush's
declaration of war against those he claimed he knew were responsible
or suspected of aiding the hijackers, the war against and bombing of
Afghanistan, a clampdown on civil liberties in the United States, and
the dispatch of U.S. troops to the Philippines, the nation of Georgia,
and Indonesia. And any day now, as we write, we plan to attack 23-million-person
nation of Iraq, which sits on eleven percent of the world's oil supply.
As if that wasn't enough,
The Los Angeles Times recently revealed that in a new Nuclear Posture
Review, signed by Donald Rumsfeld after close consultation with George
W. Bush, our corporate-controlled government considers seven sovereign
nations possible targets of our nuclear weapons and, casting aside the
taboo against using nuclear weapons, appears to be preparing to use
them to fight the war on Iraq and future wars.
Our government's fundamental
answer to September 11th in its "war on terrorism" is a demand
for a military budget larger than the combined such budgets of the next
14 largest national militaries and a promise of endless war making around
the world. The reality that America rules the world through force of
arms, trade treaties that give our corporations the advantage, and U.S.
control of the world oil supply through our "association"
with the dynastic rulers of Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf, must
be addressed and renounced. In a world filled with poverty-stricken,
starving people, a doctrine of America-First hegemony based on market
profitability as the factor guiding the world, instead of the well-being
of people and nature, puts all of human society on the verge of explosion
Were the plain facts of
the corporate takeover of the United States and the world known and
understood by a large section of the American people (they are not because
the corporate media belong to the forces governing us), no doubt our
citizenry would try to overturn those who have created this situation.
As long as our response to attacks on us is military there will likely
continue to be many more such calamitous attacks on us, even perhaps
with devastating nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons. These may
come from persons outside of the country, or they may come from domestic
sources, such as the Oklahoma City attack and possibly the anthrax attacks.
It can now be seen that
the root of our national crisis is the system that was designed to enfranchise
only propertied white males. That system, Corporism, refined and perfected
by the robber barons in 1886 and beyond by the Supreme Court's establishment
of the rule of Americans by public corporations, effectively takes the
wealth of the many and funnels it to the few. The kind of economic and
political growth that Corporism engenders, under the unitary law of
profit over people and place, is leading our nation and the world toward
a totally inhuman, anti-environmental state. That in turn is leading
more and more people throughout the world to blame our country for their
suffering, with many seeking our demise by one means or another.
We are now in exceedingly
dire straits, and it is imperative that we understand how these forces
improperly controlling the world developed, and continue to grow, right
under our eyes, right here in this country. To contribute to an understanding
of how this happened is the purpose of this essay.
THE FOUNDERS of our democracy
regarded corporations as pariahs. The Boston Tea Party and our ensuing
American Revolution had the primary purpose of freeing us from the domination
of the British Crown and the Crown's corporations, which ruled the colonies
in the Eighteenth Century. Originally the states chartered public corporations
for limited terms of years and specific operations. Our founders insisted
that these limited-purpose corporations were creations of the people
and could be shut down by the people.
Since the Civil War, however,
America's public corporations have developed and grown dynamically.
In 1886, in Santa Clara County vs. Southern Pacific Railroad, the Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court was reported to have declared that the
court regarded corporations as "persons" under the Fourteenth
Amendment, although the court did not so hold in its decision. That
amendment had been adopted to guarantee formerly-enslaved blacks the
full protections of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It had
not been written with corporations in mind. The doctrine that corporations,
like persons, have personal constitutional rights is strictly judge-made
law without the authority or awareness, and against the interests of,
the people. Once the public corporations had been granted these rights--extending
eventually to almost all personal constitutional rights--they escaped
the control of the states and gained powers that our founders thought
had been revoked forever.
If we are to reclaim the
democracy we have lost because of these court decisions, this gross
error must be corrected. As Justice William O. Douglas stated in a famous
1948 Supreme Court dissent: "If they (the people) want corporations
to be treated as humans are treated, if they want to grant corporations
this large degree of emancipation from state regulation, they should
say so. The Constitution provides a method by which they may do so.
We should not do it for them through the guise of interpretation. I
can only conclude that the Santa Clara case was wrong, and should be
As an engineer, I know that
to solve any problem the first and most important step is to understand
what the problem really is. I have been a successful manufacturer, independent
entrepreneur, and inventor for more than half a century. My wife and
I actively run a manufacturing company, and from that perspective for
more than the past 40 years I have experienced and talked about Corporism,
which I believe is society's greatest disease.
It starts in this manner.
A business enterprise "goes public," that is, it sells shares
through a public offering in the marketplace, and thereby embarks on
a sustained program of uncontrollable and potentially unlimited growth.
As the corporation grows and grows it becomes more powerful, richer,
more important, and more incorrigible. Its growth becomes as incompatible
with the needs of society as cancer cells are to the needs of the body.
As cancer cells overpower normal cells and the person dies; our civilization
is going through this same kind of process. Corporate growth and power
have destroyed our body politic and are now proceeding to enslave our
citizenry as well as the people of other societies.
A public corporation's fundamental
characteristic, its nature, is to expand constantly, to grow ad infinitum.
This trait is dominant from the first moment of its public existence,
making it an uncontrollable element in society with the capability of
destroying its opponents--and ultimately, in the aggregate, our civilization
and the ecosystem in which we exist.
Every successful public
corporation goes through this same pattern. Throughout its new corporate
life it pursues its single, simple goal of maximizing profits with optimum
effective disregard for any societal or human consequence; by the rules
of their charters and their court-defined obligations, corporations
have only one goal, profit maximization. This is why many public corporations
are guided eventually by accountants: the bottom line is all that matters.
As Milton Friedman so aptly stated, "The corporation cannot be
ethical; its only responsibility is to turn a profit." Should a
firm fail to excel in that one goal, even briefly, it will be seized
and absorbed by another more powerful corporate entity, often with junk-bond
How do these public corporations
daily harm society? With public monies, their growth is vastly accelerated,
and they can select an area of business, dominate it, and ultimately
monopolize it. When independent private enterprises try to compete with
public corporations in the same field there's usually no contest. The
public corporation's tremendous buying power stemming from its vast
financial resources soon dominates the marketplace.
Witness what Home Depots
have done to neighborhood hardware stores, or Stapleses and Office Depots
to stationery stores, or Borders, Barnes & Noble, and Waldenbooks
to neighborhood bookstores. Look at what corporate agribusinesses have
done to family farmers, HMOs to the medical profession. By reason of
their buying power and global resources, public corporations can import
products made in foreign lands, frequently by slave and child labor,
without the health or safety regulations that are applicable to domestic
Clearly, public corporations
destroying the infrastructure of our legitimate business communities.
Far fewer owners of local businesses pay local, state, and federal taxes
and serve on local civic committees. Profits are now funneled to distant,
out-of-state or out-of-country locations where taxes are limited or
sheltered through one ruse or another, piling much heavier burdens on
local taxpayers. The Enron Corporation used hundreds of offshore affiliates
to pay no taxes at all in four of its last five years, a prime example
of corporate misbehavior. And all such ruses and practices have been
made completely legal and proper by the pliant Congress that corporate
money has bought. Superstores or supermanufacturers, abetted by the
"deregulation" approved by an accommodating Congress, destroy
competition. Then the prices on commodities they sell either to consumers
or to industry rise considerably, for when competition dies out prices
In today's corporate economy
the cost of product bears little relationship to the price asked. Look
how the price of major-brand gasoline is lowered when there is an independent
competitor in the area. That same major brand sells for a lot more a
few miles down the road while major companies try to buy or force the
independent out. Rockefeller made his fortune with Standard Oil of New
Jersey doing just that. Today independent oil companies are virtually
nonexistent, and the price of gasoline skyrockets when the international
oil cartel decides that it should. So do the prices of natural gas and
all sorts of energy. All the producers, having deregulated the marketplace,
can charge whatever they wish. Not too long ago telephone directory
service was free; now it can cost as much as several dollars a number,
depending on which phone company you must use! Tens of thousands of
products, costing only pennies to manufacture, sell in stores for many
dollars, even if they are made in China or Haiti by workers paid 15
cents an hour. Superstores, supermarkets, and other chains feature and
limit the items they sell to highly-advertised brands produced by multinational
companies, charging whatever price is obtainable--the operational phrase
is "what the market will bear." All told, Americans are undoubtedly
paying the multinationals, by reason of their monopolistic practices
and power, hundreds of billions of dollars annually in excess charges.
Essentially these "profits" are hidden taxes on all of us,
though the money doesn't go to our government. As Adam Smith wrote,
high profits are "absurd taxes."
Perhaps, however, the greatest
threat to our democracy from public corporations is the breakdown of
ethical standards that their practices embody and their policies demand.
In turn, this breakdown is driving citizens down to similar standards
and practices in their pursuit of jobs or business. Just as a boxer
obeying the Marquis of Queensbury Rules can't compete in a fight with
a person boxing under street rules, a legitimate businessperson can't
compete effectively with another one who follows no rules whatsoever--or,
in the case of the public corporation, which uses its power to make
the rules or bend them in its favor. When the government abandons its
role in providing a level playing field, as ours has, and anything goes,
as anything does, the most aggressive and heavily financed company wins.
IN CONTRAST to the inhuman
public corporation, there are a variety of other forms of endeavor,
such as proprietorships, partnerships, co-ops, worker-owned enterprises,
and private corporations. The public corporation is as different from
these as night from day, and for a basic reason. The public corporation
is the only one of such entities that has made a legally binding agreement
with its investors to at all times maximize stockholders' profits; no
such requirement exists for any of the aforementioned entities. The
system that drives public corporations does not apply to private enterprises,
which operate purely at their owners' discretion.
Now, due to tax, property,
and other laws, most U.S. businesses, no matter how small, as well as
numerous professionals, incorporate primarily to obtain liability protection
for their owners, stockholders, officers, and directors. They do this
since not to do it would be imprudent. Here in the United States, if
people invest monies in any business venture that is not incorporated,
potentially they expose their entire estates to the uncertainties of
the marketplace, aggressive attorneys, powerful predators, or competitors
set on destroying or acquiring their businesses. They could become personally
indebted for years or be forced into personal bankruptcy. Another reason:
tax laws provide solely to corporations the means for sequestering profits
to accumulate the capital necessary for growth, so in effect any business
planning on growth must of necessity incorporate under present laws
and tax rules.
Most businesses or financial
endeavors begin small, usually producing services or a product. The
complexity of business causes the majority of them fail within the first
three or four years. Typically those that survive thereafter will grow
healthily, achieve some stability, provide employment, pay taxes, and
become integral parts of the communities where they are situated. They
fill basic needs of their communities and frequently in areas beyond.
Privately-owned small businesses,
professions, and other enterprises, whether incorporated or not, are
the true cornerstones of our economy. Privately-owned small businesses
differ radically from public corporations in that such small businesses
are creative, dynamic, diverse, employ local people, and frequently
support community endeavors. Their activities are easily observable
and understandable and, subject, of course, to argument, are usually
compatible with society's needs. Small independent local businesses
have always been the cornerstones of the business community.
Depending on the levels
of profitability and reinvestment they can grow to sizable proportions.
A business that a partner and I started in 1943 with investments of
$400 apiece was valued at around $15 million in 1961. There were no
outside investors, all corporate stock was owned equally by the two
of us. Our product sales were worldwide and our expansion did not require
going public. Many privately-owned companies have grown to immense sizes,
although their rate of growth is usually slower than that of public
Not all private corporations
are beneficial to society, nor are all proprietorships, partnerships,
co-ops, or any other kind of business entities. Each enterprise reflects
the personalities and character of those who create and run it. Private
businesses, usually run by well-meaning people, may also be run by people
who fall into the anti-social patterns of the public corporation. Frequently
companies that grow large and powerful develop leaders who possess more
power over others than it is wise to permit. With that power there is
always the temptation to go for even more power. Those at the head of
private corporations can become creatures of power and greed just as
the heads of public corporations do.
But the heads of private
companies or corporations are able to make up their minds on the goals
and standards of their business--no one can tell them what must be done.
On the other hand, to reach a secure level within the public corporation,
CEOs and their management people have to submit to the corporate mantra,
to maximize profits in every way possible to insure the best short-term
bottom-line figures. So when the owner of a private corporation goes
public, he contracts with investors to do everything he can to maximize
their earnings, and his investors include savvy mutual fund managers.
In the context of more than a century of case law, the owner then has
a mandatory, legal requirement to follow the corporate credo, the end
justifies the means--whatever needs to be done to maximize stockholder
profits must be done whether or not that action hurts employees, customers,
the environment or the community. If that isn't a Faustian pact with
the devil I don't know what is.
And the rewards are big!--compensation
packages in the millions of dollars, with all sorts of perks, stock
options frequently worth tens to hundreds of millions of dollars, and
in some cases billions. Under today's corporate laws in the United States
there are absolutely no limits to how big a company can become or how
much its executives can be paid. And under the right conditions oodles
of publicly accessible funds are available--the more profitable the
business, the more money is available. With the payoffs so fabulous,
is it any wonder that those persons to whom great wealth is the most
important objective in life gravitate toward going public? Why not subordinate
your morals for a while to become a millionaire overnight, to be free
from want, from work, from all restraints, and to be admired as a success?
How many people can resist that?
And then, what are embryonic
public corporations but "live bait" for larger public corporations
which, using their vast resources, can gobble them up almost at will?
In a sense the new public corporations are the growth industry of the
multinationals. Many multinationals, lacking creative talent or disvaluing
what talent they have, can grow only by assimilating these newer entities,
many of which are on the cutting edge of new technologies or creativity.
Generally speaking, the size and hidebound nature of major corporations
prevent them from creating their own innovations. I truly believe that
if public corporations were barred from acquiring smaller corporations
or businesses, they could not dominate the economy as they now do. Actually
it wasn't too many years ago that the law prevented public corporations
from buying others, but, as with virtually all laws restricting the
growth of megacorporations, that rule has been repealed, too.
THE DISEASE of Corporism
is endemic in America today; there is little if any concern on the part
of public corporations for the health and welfare of their customers
or the public they sell to. There is no fair trade, no fair play. There
is no way for injured customers to obtain redress of their grievances
or collect damages against corporations too powerful to sue effectively
in court, no way to prevent public corporations from sending the bills
to the American taxpayer for the damages they cause in communities or
for losses caused by corporate fraud or failures, no sufficiently powerful
political party that will represent consumers and citizens and protect
them from monopoly-created excessive costs. There are just no remedies
After the 2000 election
it became all too clear that the political parties in our two-party
system, both of which are totally under the control of corporate finance
and capital, have in fact perfected a system that locks out any third
party from effective access to the people and deprives the people of
knowledge about alternatives that are likely to improve their lot. Lawmakers
from either of the two parties cannot obtain or retain their seats in
Congress without earning the financial support of their corporate sponsors
by doing their bidding. The slogan of America as the country "of
the people, by the people, for the people" is thus exposed as a
Can we allow the people
who command these vast, inaccessible corporations to run our work, our
lives, our political parties? We do now because we haven't found a way
to stop them, but we must find a way. People elsewhere in the world
believe we have democracy and freedom here, and of course compared to
certain societies we do. But more and more of us who live here know
that we have democracy in name only, that in reality we have lost it
to the robber barons and the corporations they spawned--to an elite
oligarchy that rules us with the iron fist of the Supreme Court and
the police and military forces at the captive government's disposal.
A world ruled by multinational
corporations is the opposite of a world ruled by people. It was a gross
mistake to allow these mythical entities, corporations, to be given
the rights of citizens, to function as "family" within our
communities. Like the blood-sucking Dracula of Bram Stoker, they pretend
to be human, but by their nature they prey upon humans at every opportunity.
An ever-increasing tangle
of new chemicals and toxins is infesting our air, water and food, which
daily become more contaminated, as do our bodies. That is only one of
the astounding specters that now actually threaten us--global warming
and the rising sea level; the ever-growing hole in the ozone exposing
us to cancer-causing ultraviolet rays; the destruction of life in the
oceans; the emergence of global water shortages, welcomed as just another
opportunity for profit and growth by the late unlamented Enron and the
wholly opportunistic multinational corporations that presently rule
And threatening us even
more than all these tangible things is the capture of the minds of the
masses of people by the insidious corporate TV culture--the conversion
of billions of us, through TV propaganda and trivial entertainment,
into unthinking, dependent consumers, and the amalgamation of the venerable
varieties of human life and culture into one world society addicted
to and dependent on the types of products, services, values, and culture
that the multinationals are best equipped to produce, foster, and deliver.
The terrible truth is, we
are fast losing our civilization, which was thousands of years in the
making. Just as fish don't know they're in water, collectively we do
not realize that we have been plunged into a commercial effluvium that
is suffocating us and draining away our independence..
This seizure of our civilization
and humanity by giant corporations must be reversed. Corporism, today's
government of the corporation, by the corporation, and for the corporation
must not be permitted to continue. Unless and until we can make corporations
powerless to control either us or our government they will continue
to divide us by race, by class, by haves and have-nots, by religion,
by any and every means possible. The world's bankers, in concert with
the largest corporations in the world (which they enable, since they
are cut from the same cloth), will use the justice system against us
at every turn, as they have just done in the very selection of a president
they preferred, and they will oppose us ferociously with their police
systems, armies, and mind-numbing propaganda.
There are a myriad of real
problems, human and ecological, that we must get on with. We need a
truly democratic government representing only the people, for without
that we are truly lost. We Americans invented and refined Corporism,
and let it break loose upon the rest of the world. Now we must band
together with people all over the world to stop this huge mistake from
destroying everything we hold dear and creating a world unworthy of
the potential of human beings. It will be a tough struggle, and it will
have to be world-wide, for technology has enabled the multinationals
to be in power everywhere and their leaders won't just give up the system
that gives them money, power, and what they see as the good life at
the expense of the have-nots of the world, who have become their (and
Can we actually recover
control of our societies from corporations? It's almost too late, and
we can fiddle around no longer; freedom, variety, and democracy are
slipping out of focus. It will take a superhuman effort to overcome
these seemingly insurmountable forces, but it can and it must be done.
Many of us are legitimate business people trying to earn a reasonable
livelihood while producing products or services for our communities
or the nation. We private business owners need to resist the corporate
powers just as much as workers or retirees. Fortunately, many in our
country have tasted democracy and freedom, and still believe in them,
and will not accept the cancerous dismantling of our economic production,
our systems of justice, and our freedom in the cause of building a transnational
We all have so much in common.
We believe in families, in children growing up healthily. For that a
family needs a decent home in a nonviolent neighborhood and enough income
from one parent working to at least let the other parent teach and supervise
the child or children. Public schools are needed with classes small
enough that teachers, supplied with good teaching materials, have a
chance to teach. Citizens must not accept the reduced status of being
merely consumers; a democratic society cannot survive without reliable
knowledge about what is happening inside the country and throughout
the world. Therefore, commercial TV must not dominate our national broadcasting,
as currently it does, and radio and TV outlets, utilizing the airwaves
that we the public own, must be made freely available to all communities
throughout the nation for wide-open public discourse.
I urge every legitimate
business person to join with every worker, in every industry, and with
every union representing workers--I call on every cleric or religious
person, every politician genuinely interested in the people, the heads
of all non-governmental and non-profit organizations, and every person
raising a family, every student of voting age, every mother and father
in every village, city, state or country, to join the struggle against
corporism. You might start by talking to neighbors, friends, associates
about the facts you are aware of, complain as cogently and as clearly
as you can, and then find allies and common ground through organizations
that are in no way financed by, related to, or supported by corporate
interests or the foundations controlled by them. With an advance wave
of hundreds of thousands of students in American universities, we are
on the move. Many dedicated groups are working together already, and
many more are springing up in this hemisphere and on other continents.
As we saw in Seattle in 1999 and have seen again and again since then,
a powerful movement of popular revolt against corporate domination and
for justice and peace is rising in the United States and all over the
world. Join this movement here and all over the world, help your fellow
citizens save civilization.
Ken Reiner, a founding member
of the Alliance For Democracy who attended its initial organizational
meetings in Chicago and the founding convention at the Mo Ranch in Texas
in 1996, is a successful inventor and businessman. Billions of one of
his inventions, a simple self-locking nut, are used in 90% of the airplanes
in the world. Another of his devices, a simple two-piece clip for holding
women's pincurls (called Klippies), was used by tens of millions of
women. In Long Beach, California, he and his wife Dottie currently run
a small manufacturing company that makes proprietary projects that he
has invented. They support a variety of organizations with their contributions,
and Reiner has proposed that those organizations form a coalition to
end the domination of society by giant corporations, an idea that has
contributed to the development of an Alliance project to form a communications
network perhaps to be called Equal Independent Allies.
The author can be contacted
Copyright Ken Reiner 2002