Aaron’s Death: Product Of A Criminal Justice System Rife With Intimidation
14 January, 2013
Aaron Swartz, the internet activist was an advocate for open society. And, Aaron faced an abusive prosecution from a government. Aaron killed himself a month before going on trial for what his family calls 'an alleged crime that had no victims'.
Matt Williams reported  from New York:
The family of celebrated internet activist Aaron Swartz has accused prosecutors and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) officials of being complicit in his death, blaming the apparent suicide on the pursuit of a young man over "an alleged crime that had no victims".
In a statement released on January 12, 2013, Swartz's parents, Robert and Susan, siblings Noah and Ben and partner Taren Stinebrickner-Kauffman said the Redditt builder's demise was not just a "personal tragedy" but "the product of a criminal justice system rife with intimidation and prosecutorial overreach".
They also attacked the MIT for not supporting the internet activist in his legal battles and refusing to stand up for "its own community's most cherished principles".
The comments came a day after the 26-year-old killed himself in his Brooklyn apartment on January 11, 2013 night.
A committed advocate for the freedom of information over the internet, Swartz had been facing a trial over allegations of hacking related to the downloading of millions of documents from the online research group JSTOR. Swartz pleaded not guilty last year; if convicted, he could have faced a lengthy prison term.
News of his death resulted in an outpouring of tributes over the internet. Tim Berners-Lee, the man credited with inventing the World Wide Web, tweeted: "Aaron dead. World wanderers, we have lost a wise elder. Hackers for right, we are one down. Parents all, we have lost a child. Let us weep."
Swartz dedicated much of his time to fighting online censorship and his court case had become a cause célèbre for many similar-minded figures.
The trial was due to begin next month. He faced 13 felony charges including computer and wire fraud. Prosecutors accused him of stealing millions of scientific journals from a computer archive at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and making them freely available.
If convicted he could have faced decades behind bars, alongside a fortune in fines.
A spokeswoman for the US attorney's office in Massachusetts said it was inappropriate to comment on the case at this time. Meanwhile MIT said a statement would be made by the institution's president.
Prior to the MIT case, Swartz had aided in the release of court documents free of charge, rather than through the pay-per-download government website PACER. It is thought that a fifth of all data was made available through a program Swartz wrote in 2008, before officials shut it down. The FBI investigated, but never charged Swartz over the PACER case.
The organization Demand Progress, which Swartz helped found, had compared the activities of which he was accused to "trying to put someone in jail for allegedly checking too many books out of the library".
David Moon, program director at Demand Progress, told the Guardian that he was "shocked and saddened" by the news of his colleague's death.
He added that the organization would pay "proper homage to Aaron at the appropriate time" but for the time being it was "simply spending the moment reflecting on his life and work".
Alongside his activism, Swartz, a prodigious computer talent, helped create the RSS protocol which revolutionized content delivery across the web. He was also an early architect of Reddit, the popular social media platform.
As news of Swartz's death spread online, numerous tributes were posted. The author and web expert Cory Doctorow, who was a friend of Swartz, posted an article on BoingBoing.
Doctorow wrote that Swartz may have been afraid of the idea of imprisonment but that he had also suffered with bouts of depression. He also paid tribute to the young activist's achievements and dedication to his causes. "We have all lost someone today who had more work to do, and who made the world a better place when he did it," he wrote.
In their tribute, Swartz's family wrote that the internet activist had left behind gifts that "made the world, and our lives, far brighter".
They added: "He used his prodigious skills as a programmer and technologist not to enrich himself but to make the Internet and the world a fairer, better place. His deeply humane writing touched minds and hearts across generations and continents."
Swartz regularly blogged about his own life on the website aaronsw.com. In a post written in January 2007, he discussed the nature of suicide.
"There is a moment, immediately before life becomes no longer worth living, when the world appears to slow down and all its myriad details suddenly become brightly, achingly apparent," he wrote.
His funeral is due to take place on January 15, 2013 in Illinois.
Amid grief, there is anger
Paying tribute Dan Gillmor wrote :
As we mourn Aaron Swartz, let's save energy for some anger – and activism.
Aaron, whose work was entirely about making our world a better place, died by his own hand. He was 26, and he had a history of depression. But the demons that carried him over the edge surely got a boost from the United States government, which was prosecuting Aaron in a manner that demonstrated contempt for the facts, fairness, and the justice system itself.
The case against Aaron, an object lesson of what happens when authority is cynically abused by the people in power, threatened more than Aaron's liberty and his great work. It threatened us all.
So amid my grief for Aaron, I'm angry – and committed to working for honorable enforcement of rational laws, and for values Aaron exemplified in his short life.
Aaron had made his presence known early. Among Philip Greenspun's recollections in this piece is how a 12-year-old kid from Chicago found it easy to do what some professional computer people found hard.
I didn't meet Aaron until 2002, at a World Wide Web conference in Hawaii, though I'd heard of him and his work. It was clear that he was in awe of the famous (in the Internet community, anyway) people, but it was equally obvious that they'd also heard about this prodigy and couldn't wait to meet him. Even then Aaron had a remarkable clarity about his mission in life: to find and do stuff that a) was interesting; b) was fun; and, not least, c) would help everyone have more access to information we needed and could re-use in all kinds of ways.
In a column soon after, I rued the demise of Napster, the music-sharing service, but remained hopeful bordering on confidence that the Internet would thwart the growing attacks on openness and sharing. A promising harbinger was the then-emerging Creative Commons, founded by Larry Lessig. I noted that Aaron was working on the project and called him "an object lesson to the dinosaurs who run Hollywood and think they can control the uncontrollable," adding, "The young people of this world will ultimately decide how this turns out." Aaron was 15 at the time.
Aaron, in a beyond-productive decade, put a lot of interesting things on his agenda. The list of his activities — always pushing boundaries — is stunning. As Peter Eckersley wrote on the Electronic Frontier Foundation blog, Aaron was always working for an open ecosystem:
His contributions were numerous, and some of them were indispensable. When we asked him in late 2010 for help in stopping COICA, the predecessor to the SOPA and PIPA Internet blacklist bills, he founded an organization called Demand Progress, which mobilized over a million online activists and proved to be an invaluable ally in winning that campaign.
Other projects Aaron worked on included the RSS specifications, web.py, tor2web, the Open Library, and the Chrome port of HTTPS Everywhere. Aaron helped launch the Creative Commons. He was a former co-founder at Reddit, and a member of the team that made the site successful. His blog was often a delight.
As his projects bubbled along, and as his fame in the tech community grew, I wondered whether it would all go to his head – or worse, that he'd decide that getting fabulously rich was a more important mission in life. Once, comparing notes with a friend, we both fervently hoped that Aaron would never choose to be the next Bill Gates, at least in the predatory sense, because the world needed geniuses on the open-source and community side of the ledger. (Aaron laughed when I later mentioned this.) He stayed on track; when he did make a bundle on the sale of Reddit, which he helped build, he just kept on doing those interesting things.
While Aaron seemed fundamentally shy in person, he did have an ego and a self-promotional sense that often (not always) served him well. He sometimes turned sour on his friends and mentors, sometimes in public ways. But they almost always forgave him. Because at heart, said Internet Archive founder Brewster Kahle, Aaron was "among the best spirits of the Internet generation."
The sadness today in my virtual community is nearly unbounded. My friends and their friends, like me, have been simply crushed by the news. You can get a sense of it from Matthew Ingram's compilation of links and context at GigaOm. My computer screen has blurred frequently through tears as I've read the heartbroken posts by, among so many others, Quinn Norton and Cory Doctorow.
An inchoate anger always mixes with sadness when someone dies so young. But today I'm seething at Aaron's prosecution by a federal government that has rewarded torturers and banksters while in this case twisting the law to turn what amounts to minor trespassing into a "crime" worthy of decades in jail. You can read about it here. Then read what an expert witness was going to say at the trial — testimony that surely would have led even the most gung-ho-for-government jury to spend may be 10 minutes in deliberations before acquitting Aaron.
Maybe this legal travesty was the Obama administration's cynical campaign to put away someone it considered annoying. Maybe it was a case of a rogue prosecutor gone utterly berserk. I'm guessing it's a combination of ugly motives. But it's infuriating and deeply scary to anyone who cares about a system of justice where the word "justice" means anything.
Like so many others, Larry Lessig, Aaron's longtime friend and mentor, is mourning today. He's also publicly and correctly furious at the prosecutors' foul behavior, and at the government's utter lack of common sense or decency. As Larry wrote:
I get wrong. But I also get proportionality. And if you don't get both, you don't deserve to have the power of the United States government behind you.
For remember, we live in a world where the architects of the financial crisis regularly dine at the White House — and where even those brought to "justice" never even have to admit any wrongdoing, let alone be labeled "felons."
In that world, the question this government needs to answer is why it was so necessary that Aaron Swartz be labeled a "felon." For in the 18 months of negotiations, that was what he was not willing to accept, and so that was the reason he was facing a million dollar trial in April — his wealth bled dry, yet unable to appeal openly to us for the financial help he needed to fund his defense, at least without risking the ire of a district court judge. And so as wrong and misguided and fucking sad as this is, I get how the prospect of this fight, defenseless, made it make sense to this brilliant but troubled boy to end it.
Fifty years in jail, charges our government. Somehow, we need to get beyond the "I'm right so I'm right to nuke you" ethics that dominates our time. That begins with one word: Shame.
One word, and endless tears.
Shame on all of us, and shame on me, at least in this way: When Aaron was indicted; I didn't do nearly enough to help. Some, like Larry Lessig, tried hard. Most of us, if we did anything, tweeted our outrage, sent emails of moral support, and went on with our lives, assuming that the justice system couldn't be this insane.
It's too late for Aaron, but not for the rest of us.
We can honor Aaron's life in the best way by doing what he did at his amazing best. We can work to expand an open Net and society, and to make "liberty" a word that means something again. Among many other things:
• If I lived in Massachusetts, where the U.S. Attorney with overall jurisdiction over Aaron's case may run for governor, I'd start working tomorrow to ensure that she couldn't get elected dogcatcher. I'd also raise money to pay the best and bravest lawyer I could find, to ask the Massachusetts Bar Association to investigate how she and the assistant U.S. attorney in direct charge of the case had acted, and whether they deserved to keep their licenses to practice law.
• No matter where I lived, I would ask my member of the US House and my US senators how they can allow the computer crime laws they passed to criminalize a violation of a terms of service – an interpretation that could put any one of us in jail under the Justice Department's misuse of the law. If the people representing me didn't respond or expressed support for the administration's you're-all-potential-prisoners stance, I'd look for better representatives.
• If I wrote software code for, say, Facebook or any other big company, or was a young coder considering a startup, I'd ask myself whether my work was worthy of Aaron's memory – and if not, what I would do about that.
• And I'd find and support organizations, like the Electronic Frontier Foundation, that are carrying on the work Aaron championed, and did, to bring our culture and laws into the 21st Century in ways that value creativity, openness and collaboration.
Get angry. Then get busy.
More than a decade ago Aaron wrote a blog post about what his "virtual executor" should do "If I get hit by a truck…" – instructions that included a wish for the contents of his hard drives to be made public for posterity. He concluded:
Oh, and BTW, I'll miss you all.
 guardian.co.uk, “Aaron Swartz's family condemns MIT and US government after his death”, Jan 13, 2013,http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/jan/13/aaron-swartz-family-mit-government
 This tribute originally appeared on Dan Gilmor's website, dangilmor.com. He has kindly given permission to the Guardian to reproduce the piece. guardian.co.uk, “Remember Aaron Swartz by working against government abuses”, Jan 13, 2013,
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